Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion in Saptari under the support of the GSF/UN-Habitat has been named as “Open Defecation Free Campaign”. This is programme basically works taking SHMP as its guiding documents and intervention made by sensitizing/capacitating the communities at all level to increase universal access to sanitation with especial care to poor/marginalized communities to sanitation facilities and ending open defecation by the year 2016. Programme is adopting approaches like Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS), School Led Total Sanitation (SLTS) and Sanitation Marketing putting the people at centre. Beside this it works the sectoral mobilization approaches. Progaramme accepts the leadership of the local government and institutional arrangement for sanitation promotion. These programme implementation strategies acknowledge the fundamental aim of all sanitation interventions is to break the chain of fecal oral contamination in order to promote hygiene and environmental sanitation for health improvement. Total sanitation approach is an innovative approach to sensitize and empower communities for ending open defecation and promoting improved hygiene behaviors through collective community actions. ODF status is a gateway to total sanitation through behavioral changes. Triggering, the process of awakening and sensitizing individuals for instant action, is crucial to let communities internalize the core values of sanitation for health, dignity and development. Inclusion, gender consideration, universal access to safe disposal of excreta and sustainable behavioral changes are key outputs of ODF and total sanitation initiatives.
Sabal Nepal is working in Saptari internalizing the GSF/UN-Habitat programme design and visualizes sanitation promotion beyond the traditionally run quantitative target based hardware-centered and subsidy driven sanitation interventions and adopts total sanitation approach to activate communities to create wider community demand for improved sanitation, stimulate community action for achieving ODF status, and ensure social inclusion through universal access. In addition, the approach will aim to promote sustainable behavioral change, scale up sanitation services and back up sanitation in the form of social movement through community’s own initiatives.